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Although sugar cane juice and refined sugar are made from the same plant, their sugar contents differ. "Organic Lifestyle Magazine" lists sugar cane juice, with a relatively low glycemic index of 43, as a healthy alternative to table sugar when used in moderation. It contains fructose and glucose, which, unlike sucrose-based sugars, do not require insulin for metabolism. Because your body metabolizes these plant-based sugars in your liver rather than in your small intestine, the fructose and glucose from sugar cane juice are absorbed more slowly than sucrose and do not cause wild fluctuations in your blood sugar level.